Liberation of CalaisBack
The city was in ruin due to Operation Fortitude.
- Start date
- 25 Sep 1944
- End date
- 01 Oct 1944
- Involved country
As the closest point to the English coast, the German High Command was convinced the Landings would start near Calais. Operation Fortitude - involving the spreading of false information – and frequent Allied Forces bombing in the area seemed to confirm their hunch.
The city of Calais was fortified, and became the command post for German forces in Flanders and the Pas-de-Calais area.
Throughout the Normandy landings, aerial bombing continued in Calais, as a diversion and to maintain the possibility of landing in Pas-de-Calais, as well as destroying German communication lines.
The city was liberated between 25 September and 1 October 1944, by the Canadian 3rd Infantry Brigade. Practically 75% of the city was in ruins.