'Two Sugars Cafe' - former Coastal Artillery Emplacement at West Mersea, EssexBack Victoria Esplanade, West Mersea, Essex
During WWII this entire area was a coastal artillery site with two 4.7" (120 mm) guns made in Japan in 1918. This emplacement, No. 2, still stands at the back of the beach but has been converted to "The Two Sugars" cafe.
- Year of construction
During World War Two, there were two 4.7-inch (120 mm) coastal artillery batteries on Mersea Island, one at the east end of the island and one here, at West Mersea. Both comprised two guns, each in its own casemate, a Battery Observation Post, horizontally-aimed searchlights and pillboxes. At West Mersea, one of the gun casemates and a searchlight emplacement still survive.
4.7-inch gun casemates and their attendant coastal artillery searchlight emplacements are now very rare. This is the sole remaining gun casemate of this type in Essex. There are only four surviving coastal artillery searchlight emplacements in the county. In the top layer of WWII archaeology and an important part of the history and heritage of Essex, every effort should be made to ensure their continued survival, ultimately with statutory protection.