Walcheren CreeksBack Westkapelle
Creeks, remains of the Allied bombing of the dykes and flooding afterwards in October 1944. Westkapelle Creek, Veere Creek, Creek Nollebos Vlissingen, Creek Rammekens Ritthem
- Year of construction
In October 1944 Lancaster heavy bombers led by Musquito pathfinders blasted four separate gaps in Walcheren’s sea defenses. The bombing took place on 3 October (Westkapelle), 7 October (Vlissingen and Ritthem) and 11 October (Veere). The crews attacked in daylight and achieved great accuracy. The floods divided the island of Walcheren into three parts: the coastal dunes, Vlissingen and the high ground to the east.
Shortly after the German surrender a massive dyke repair exercise began, using Phoenix caissons left over from the Mulberry harbours. Most of the gaps were filled in October 1945, the Rammekens Gap at Ritthem being finally closed in February 1946. The creeks are remains of the trenches that arose from the strong current nearby the dykes.